CBSE Notes For Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 Rural Administration

CBSE Notes For Class 6 Civics 5 Rural Administration

CBSE Notes For Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 Police Station

  • Every police station has an area that comes under its control so that every person in that area can report cases or inform the police about any theft, accident, injury, fight, etc.
  • It is the duty of the police to enquire, investigate, and take action on the cases within its area. Thus, the police maintain law and order in the area.
  • SHO (Station house officer) is the head or individual in charge of the locality police station. He supervises the police station’s activities and is responsible for maintaining law and order in his region.

CBSE Notes For Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 Maintenance of Land Records

The Patwari is responsible for measuring land and keeping records of land. He/She maintains and updates records of the village. The Patwari is known by different names in villages of different states like Lelchpal, Kanungo, Karamchari, Village Officer, etc.

  • Each Patwari is responsible for a group of villages.
  • The Patwari usually has some methods of measuring agricultural fields. In some places, a long chain is used.
  • The Patwari also collects the revenue from the farmers and informs the government about the crops grown in this area.
  • This is done through the records that are kept and hence, it becomes important for the Patwari to regularly update these records.
  • The revenue department keeps a record of all the activities like farmers changing the crops grown in their fields or someone digging a well somewhere. The senior people in this department supervise Patwari’s work.

Tehsildar:  All the states in India are divided into districts and the districts are further subdivided into tehsils, talukas, etc.

  • The head of district administration is the District Collector and the Tehsildars work under him/her. Tehsildars are also known as the Revenue Officers.
  • The works of Tehsildars are
  • They supervise the work of the Patwaris.
  • They ensure that records are properly kept and land revenue is collected.
  • They have to hear disputes.
  • They ensure that the farmers can easily obtain a copy of their records or the students can easily obtain their caste certificates, etc.

CBSE Notes For Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 A New Law

  • In India, previously, Hindu women did not get a share in the family’s agricultural land. After the death of the father, his property was equally divided among sons and only daughters. However, this law was changed.
  • The Hindu Succession Amendment Act, of 2005, came into force according to which sons, daughters, and their mothers can get an equal share in the land. This law is applied to all States and Union Territories of the country and benefits a large number of women.

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