Reproductive Health Class 12 Important Questions and Answers Biology Chapter 3

Reproductive Health Questions And Answers

Question 1. What do you think is the significance of reproductive health in a society?

In a society, if people are aware of birth control methods to avoid sexually transmitted diseases and the importance of breastfeeding and post-natal care of the mother and baby, then that society can have healthy children who are the future citizens of a nation.

Question 2. Suggest the aspects of reproductive health which need to be given special attention in the present scenario.

Important aspects:

  • Counselling and creating awareness among people especially the youth about various aspects of reproductive health such as sexually transmitted diseases, available contraceptive methods, cases of pregnant mothers and adolescents, etc.
  • Providing support and facilities such as medical assistance to people during pregnancy, STIs, abortions, contraceptives, infertility, etc. for building a reproductively healthy society.

Question 3. Is sex education necessary in schools? Why? 

Yes, sex education is necessary for schools because

  • It will provide proper information about reproductive organs, adolescence, safe, hygienic sexual practices, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
  • It will provide the right information to avoid myths and misconceptions about sex-related queries.

Read and Learn More Class 12 Biology Chapter Wise

CBSE Class 12 BioIogy Chapter 3 Reproductive Health Questions And Answers

Question 4. Do you think that reproductive health in our country has improved in the past 50 years? If yes, mention some such areas of improvement

  • Yes, reproductive health has tremendously improved in India in the last 50 years. The areas of improvement are as follows.
  • Batter awareness about sex-related matters.
  • Increase the number of medically assisted deliveries and better post-natal care of child and mother, leading to decreased maternal and infant mortality rates.
  • Increase the number of couples with small families.
  • Better detection and cure of STIs and overall increased medical facilities for all sex-related problems

Question 5. What are the suggested reasons for the population explosion?

The suggested reasons for the population explosion are :

  • rapid decline in the death rate.
  • decline in maternal mortality rate (MMR)
  • decline in infant mortality rate (IMR) and
  • increase in number of people in reproducible age

Question 6. Is the use of contraceptives justified? Give reasons.

Yes, the use of contraceptives is justified. The human population is increasing tremendously. Therefore, regulating the population growth by regulating reproduction has become a necessary demand in the present times. Various contraceptive devices have been devised to reduce unwanted pregnancies which help in bringing down the increased birth rate and hence, in checking population explosion.

Question 7. Removal of gonads cannot be considered as a contraceptive option. Why?

The removal of gonads not only stops the production of gametes but also stops the secretion of various important hormones required for body functions. This method is irreversible and thus, cannot be considered as a contraceptive method.

Question 8. Amniocentesis for sex determination is banned in our country. Is this ban necessary? Comment.

Yes, the ban is necessary because amniocentesis is misused for determining the sex of the fetus and then aborting the child if it is a female.

Question 9. Suggest some methods to assist infertile couples to have children.

The reasons for infertility could be physical, congenital diseases, drugs, immunological, and even psychological. Specialized healthcare units called infertility clinics could help in the diagnosis and corrective treatment of some of these disorders. Through special techniques called assisted reproductive technologies (ART), infertile couples could be assisted to have children.

ART includes:

  1. In vitro fertilisation,
  2. Gamete intra fallopian transfer (GIFT),
  3. Intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and
  4. Artificial insemination (AI).

Question 10. What are the measures one has to take to prevent contracting STDs?

Sexually transmitted Infections (STIs) get transferred from one individual to the other through sexual contact. Adolescents and young adults are at the greatest risk of acquiring these sexually transmitted diseases. Hence,

  • Creating awareness among adolescents regarding its after-effects can prevent them from contracting STIs.
  • The use of contraceptives such as condoms etc. while intercourse can prevent the transfer of these diseases.
  • Sex with unknown partners or multiple partners should be avoided as they may have such diseases.
  • Specialists should be consulted immediately in case of doubt to ensure early detection and cure of die disease.

Reproductive Health Identify The True Or False Statements

1. State True / False with an explanation.

Question 1. Abortions could happen spontaneously, too.
Answer: True

Due to internal factors like incompatibility, abortion could happen spontaneously.

Question 2. Infertility is defined as die inability to produce a viable offspring and is always due to abnormalities/ defects in the female partner.

Infertility may also be caused due to a male partner when the sperm count is low or their mobility is less.

Question 3. Complete lactation could help as a natural method of contraception.

Lactational amenorrhea is a method of contraception, as ovulation does not occur during the period of intense lactation following parturition.

Question 4. Creating awareness about sex-related aspects is an effective method to improve the reproductive health of dying, people.

Creating awareness about sex-related aspects removes myths and misconceptions about these problems.

Reproductive Health Correct The Following Statements

Question 1. Correct The Following Statements:

  1. Surgical methods of contraception prevent gamete formation.
  2. All sexually transmitted diseases are completely curable.
  3. Oral pills are very popular contraceptives among rural women.
  4. In E.T. techniques, embryos are always transferred into the uterus.


  1. The surgical method of contraception prevents gamete motility.
  2. All sexually transmitted diseases are curable if they are detected early and treated properly. AIDS is still an incurable disease.
  3. Oral pills are very popular contraceptives among urban women.
  4. In the embryo transfer technique, 8-celled embryos are transferred into die fallopian tube while more than 8-celled embryos are transferred into the uterus.

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